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Center for Freedom and Prosperity går igjen ut mot OECD

Farmann rapporterte nylig om denne tankesmiens gladmelding når det gjelder OECDs innsats mot såkalt skadelig skattekonkurranse.

Den Virginia-baserte tankesmien gikk denne uken ut igjen mot OECD i en pressemelding:

In a report issued late last month following the OECD's Global Tax Forum in Melbourne, Australia, the Paris-based bureaucracy reiterated its opposition to market-friendly incorporation laws and – in a swipe at America – urged nations with federal systems to pressure "political subdivisions" into changing their policies in order to help hinder the flow of capital from high-tax nations. The Center for Freedom and Prosperity Foundation and several members of the Coalition for Tax Competition today condemned the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for attacking America's federal system, and also expressed their concern that the Treasury Department delegation at the Melbourne conference acquiesced to the attack.

Andrew Quinlan, president i Center for Freedom and Prosperity sier:

Since the United States is the only nation with a decentralized system for incorporating companies, it does not take a Sherlock Holmes to figure out that the OECD is targeting Delaware, Nevada, and other states. It is very disappointing that the Treasury bureaucrats at the meeting allowed this attack on America's Constitutional system

Nå er det ikke krystallklart at USA er det eneste eksempel på en føderalstruktur med desentralisert selskapsrett. Professor Ian Ramsey [PDF] ved Universitetet i Melbourne kan fortelle at det er desentralisert selskapsrett i Australia, men det er muligens ikke like krystallklart som i USA. På den annen side er det mange områder som den amerikanske føderalstaten har tilranet seg, og som det tidligere var krystallklart at skulle ligge under delstatenes juridiksjon.

Uansett om USA er det eneste føderalsystem med desentralisert selskapsrett eller ei, er det åpenbart at mange nasjoner med føderalisme har elementer som gjør at delstatene, provinsen, kantonene eller hva det måtte hete, konkurrerer med hverandre. Slike elementer kan eksempelvis være skattenivå.

Tyskland har eksempelvis delstatsambassader i føderalhovedstaden Berlin. Forbundsrådet består at representanter for delstatsmyndighetene. Noe tilsvarende var det også i USA før det 17. tillegg til den amerikanske føderalkonstitusjon trådte i kraft i 1913 – av mange sett på som den gamle føderale republikks endelikt. Dagens Tyskland blir i dette henseende mere føderalt enn USA. Skjønt, i andre henseender kan det være annerledes.

Vi vil videre påpeke at OECD består av 30 medlemsland. Flere av disse er føderalstater, deriblant: Australia, Østerrike, Canada, Tyskland, Mexico, Spania og Amerikas Forente Stater. OECD burde derfor vite bedre enn å omtale delstater og tilsvarende enheter som ”politiske underdivisjoner.”

Daniell Mitchell ved Heritage Foundation sier videre:

The OECD's report is an unambiguous attack on Delaware, Nevada, Florida, Wyoming, Montana, and other states that are internationally competitive in the market for corporate services. If these states are attracting business from Europe's high-tax welfare states, then nations such as France and Germany should lower the burden of government rather than using the OECD as a vehicle to attack more successful jurisdictions.

Veronique de Rugy ved American Enterprise Institute forteller:

America's decentralized federal system should be celebrated rather than persecuted since it encourages states to adopt market-friendly policies. Ironically, the OECD is attacking U.S. policies, yet these are the same policies that led the World Bank to give America a very high grade in its widely acclaimed publication, Doing Business in 2006.

Grover Norquist, president i Americans for Tax Reform, beretter:

It is quite disappointing that the Treasury Department bureaucrats at the Melbourne meeting did not defend U.S. interests. Fortunately, America's federal system is not dependent on the approval of a Paris-based international bureaucracy. I fully expect states like Delaware to appropriately ignore the sour grape comments of Europe's welfare states.

Delaware var den første amerikanske delstat til å ratifisere føderalkonstitusjonen, og den er meget attraktiv for næringslivet, slik det berettes om på delstatens egne sider.

Dave Keene, president i American Conservative Union, føyer seg inn i rekken av kritikk:

The competitive vibrancy of US politics and economics is in large measure traceable to the federal system established by the founders that European centralizers find so repugnant. Their opposition to anything that stimulates competitiveness among jurisdictions strikes me as unremarkable, but the failure of US officialdom to recognize and respond to an attack on the genius of the system established by our Constitution is both remarkable and unforgivable.

John Berthoud, president i National Taxpayers Union, sier videre:

Federalism is the backbone of America, and America's state-based system for company chartering is successful precisely because of jurisdictional competition. Neither bureaucrats at the OECD nor bureaucrats at the Treasury Department have the right to impose regulatory burdens on states like Delaware and Nevada.

Matt Kibbe, president i FreedomWorks, kommenterer:

Our Founding Fathers wanted limited government, which is one reason they set up a federal system in the Constitution. That system has worked well for America, in part because states must compete with each other. Bureaucrats should not be allowed to undermine that system, whether they reside in Paris or the Treasury Department.

Pat Toomey fra Club for Growth kritiserer også:

The President's appointees at the Treasury Department should override the misguided actions of the bureaucrats who let us down at the OECD's anti-tax competition meeting in Melbourne.

Karen Kerrigan, president i Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council, kommenterer videre:

Competitive markets for company services and goods are particularly important for the small business community. The OECD's campaign to prop up Europe's welfare states is a threat to good tax policy – and also poses grave risks for America's vibrant small business sector.

Til slutt sier Tom Giovanetti, president i Institute for Policy Innovation:

The OECD has become infamous for supporting anti-tax competition policies that lead to bigger and more inefficient government. Now, with the acquiescence of Treasury bureaucrats, the Paris-based bureaucracy wants to undermine America's federal system. Congress should quickly act to eliminate US subsidies for the OECD.

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